Luxury Stone villa with infinity pool in a latrge plot

4 br Gytheio Ocean Front Villa


Property Type:  Villa

Bed/Bath:  4 / 4

Sleeps:  8

Pets:  Yes

Rental Rates:

€470 - €500 per night

€3,290 - €3,500 per week

€12,400 - €13,525 per month


  • Description
  • Availability
  • Rates
  • Amenities
HELLENIC TOURIST ADMINISTRATION LICENCE MHTE
128k92000322401
Mani House is located near Gythio town on the Mani Peninsula, at Laconia, an area of the Peloponnese rich in history.
Its residents, the Maniots, were forceful men and Mani has maintained its independence throughout the years.
Overlooking the “SKOUTARI” Gulf, 500 meters away from the sea, offers a stunning view of the sea along with the opposite slopes of the mountain "Taygetos".
The house of 441.32 sqm is built on a stone-fenced plot of 5015.41 sqm, with a living space of 275.75 sqm and 165..57 sqm for auxiliary space including a garage of 80 sqm and 2.7 height
The traditional buildings of Mani were built of stone following a fortress-like design; many vendettas amongst the Mani families meant that people built homes to protect themselves. Elements of this traditional style are reflected in the design of Mani House.
The stone walls are combined with a modern interior focused on comfort. The traditional albeit unique property features all modern conveniences including, among others, a sound system for different areas of the house; satellite TV, BBQ, and wood oven as well as an infinity pool with breathtaking views.
The main entrance to the property is from the pool terrace. The infinity pool is large with dimensions: Length 12.80m x 5.45m width, 1.35m high in the shallow and 3.00m in the deep water. The wooden door leads to a bright and spacious central living area. Each part of this central living space fits beautifully into a perfectly designed interior.
The colours are simple, creams and stone, with a flagged floor that runs throughout. The shutters are painted in pale pistachio and bright magenta has been introduced throughout the soft furniture and dining chairs which give a contrast of brilliance to the colour scheme. Large French style doors lead from every area to the pool terrace which offers a perfect place to relax for every part of the day.
Enjoy your stay at Mani House using the sun loungers that surround the pool, the shaded areas to dine or sit under the shade of the huge oak tree whilst playing a game of chess or backgammon.
The kitchen is located at the rear of the large central living space and is fully equipped with all modern conveniences. It offers direct access to a patio at the back of the house which takes on a traditional, cafe-style appearance featuring pretty, metal chairs and tables and a BBQ and bread oven to conjure up the flavours of Greece.
On the same level but in a separate wing are three bedrooms. One has a double bed with an en-suite bathroom including a bathtub and a large dressing area. Next, there are two twin bedrooms, each one featuring an en-suite bathroom with shower. All bedrooms have direct access to the pool terrace.
The next floor features a bedroom with en-suite bathroom and shower and a comfortable double bed, along with an office desk. This room benefits from a balcony overseeing the pool terrace and sea view.
Finally, on the basement level, the guests can benefit from indoor parking for 2-3 cars.
On the same level, and for our guests’ comfort, the Mani house caretaker is based. He looks after the property and stays in a self-contained, totally independent apartment, on the basement level. He is very discreet and tends to the engine room located at the same level, as well as the pool, usually twice a week, very early in the morning or very late at night, leaving guests to enjoy their privacy unless he is needed.
The Mani House is located on a large piece of land which has been planted with colourful indigenous plants, shrubs, and trees. The stone paths, steps, and walkways meander through the property can lead to our old oak tree for the most wonderful shade in the heat of the day.
The property is very well located in terms of accessing the beach and taverns, shops and cafes which are all a short drive away.
The Mani House is really exceptional and is situated in a part of Greece that is truly beautiful, unspoiled and wild.
We look forward to welcoming you soon.


Additional Notes:
HELLENIC TOURIST ADMINISTRATION LICENCE MHTE 128k92000322401
Essential information for "Mani house - Ktima Kriviana"
Address:
Kalyvia Village, Gytheio, Lakonia (Laconia), Peloponnese.(23200)
Upon Arrival in Kalyvia Village:
You will be met upon arrival by George, at the village of Kalyvia. Please call number, +30 6972090333 and we will come and meet you.

Directions from Athens Airport by Car: (292?m)
1- From Athens Airport take signs of the motorway towards Corinth.
2- Once on the E94 keep going, past Corinth to E65 in the direction of “Tripoli” 3- Eventually, you will see the city of “Tripoli” on your right-hand side. You now need to start looking out for your turn-off, for the road towards Sparta.
4- You will now turn right to join the national road to Sparta, (make sure you are not going towards Kalamata!!).
5- After 45Km you will come down the mountain meeting Sparta town,
6- Keep going straight forward, till you meet the sign of “Gythio”.
7- Turn left to the direction of Gythio town.
8- Driving for 30Km now you have to watch so you won’t miss your turn off, for the road towards “Areopoli”.
Turn right as soon as you meet the “Areopolis” exit, and keep driving till you meet the Kotronas/Skoutari/Kalivia sign At this spot, a Greek Orthodox Church will be on your right- hand side. Turn left at “Kotronas/Skoutari/Kalivia” sign, till you find the next sign with direction to “Skoutari/Kalivia/Paganea”. Turn left at the sign indicating the direction of “Skoutari/Kalivia/Paganea”. Keep driving just following the road, without turning left or right, (be sure that you do not turn right to Skoutari village). This road once followed, will lead you just straight to Kalyvia village. Once you enter the village, keep driving through. You will drive past a small stone built square with three trees, and a phone booth, where the main road is following 180/o turns to the left, sea view will be in front of you. Please park your car and Call on 0030 6972090333, the villa is 3 minutes by foot from this point.

Directions from Kalamata’s Airport by car: (90,3Km)

1- Leaving the airport gate, turn left. At the end of the road turn right joining E65 of “Kalamata Tripoli”. Keep driving on the same road which changes the name to “Iroon Politechniou”.
2- At the end of the road turn right at “Artemidos” street.
3- At the next turn left at “Likourgou” street.
4- Keep driving. Once crossing “Psaron” street, then the road’s name
changes, to “Kritis”. After counting 7 streets on your right-hand side, on the 8th “Akrita street”) you turn right.
5- This street leads to the sea waterfront.
6- Turn left and follow the coastal road “Navarinou” straightforward till you meet the national road of “Areopoli"- "Kalamata”, then turn to the right.
7- Keep driving till you meet the road sign to “Gythio”, few meters out of “Areopoli” town.
8- Turn left following the Areopoli-Gythio road for 20Km.
9- When you meet the sign to “Kotronas/Skoutari/Kalyvia”, at this point a Greek Orthodox Church will be on your left- hand side.
10-Turn right at “Kotronas/Skoutari/Kalivia” sign, till you find the next sign with direction to “Skoutari/Kalivia/Paganea”.
11-Turn left at the sign indicating the direction to “Skoutari/Kalivia/Paganea”. Keep driving just following the road, without turning left or right, (be sure that you do not turn right to Skoutari village). This road once followed, will lead you straight to Kalyvia village. Once you enter the village, keep driving through. You will drive past a small stone built square with three trees, and a phone booth, where the main road is following a 180/o turns to the left, sea view will be in front of you. Please park your car and call on 0030 6972 090333. Kriviana villa is 3 minutes by foot from this point.

Taxis:
Mr. Grafakos Tel: 0030 6944534282.

Cleaner:
The cleaner will arrive at the house once a week and in case of a stay longer than a week, twice a week.

Pool person:
George cleans the pool. He lives in the basement in an entirely independent flat, he takes care of necessary actions in the early morning, and late evening, 1 or 3 days per week or in case of emergency.
Vassilis is maintaining the garden. He arrives 1-2 days in the morning.

Local amenities:

Fresh Fruit and vegetables - a van visits the village three times per week usually around noon. These fruits and vegetables are grown by local farmers. Besides that, fruits and vegetables are offered in an open-air shop in “Vathy” village, (????), 7,5 Km 14 min drive, just opposite a mini market.
Drive out the village, turn right, to the road down to the sea, follow the way until you meet on your right-hand side, an old stone bridge. Turn right, (do not try to use the bridge). Keep driving in the direction of Ageranos, (do not turn right to Kamares village). Past “Ageranos”, continue on the main road till you reach on your right-hand side a mini market where you can park your car.

Butchers are situated in Gythio (22Km) in “Ermou” (?????) street, and in Areopoli (22Km) which is famous for it's excellent - local organic meat, on the main town square, and not far from there, on the national road (highway) ?f Areopoli/Mani to the direction of Mani.

Fishmonger – the local fishmonger visits the village at least twice per week, usually around 10 a.m Fresh fish can be bought in Gythio (22Km) in the main street of Vassileos Georgiou.

Nearest petrol station: 6Km away from the villa, on the way to Gythion town.


Post Office: – at Gythion city just opposite the city school, on “Ermou” street.

All other amenities can be found in Gythio town. (22Km drive).

Drive to the direction of Skoutari village meet the main road, turn right and continue driving until the end of the road. In front of you is a Greek Orthodox church. Turn right with direction to Gythio (??????) Keep driving straight forward till you meet the main national road which connects Gythio town with Sparta city. Turn right to the direction of Gythio.

Banks:

* National Bank of Greece
* Alpha Bank
* Piraeus Bank

Beaches-Taverns-Bars near and around the village:

The house is located at Mani peninsula, in Kalyvia village, half the way between Gythio (20 km) and Areopolis (20 km)
There is a variety of taverns and fish taverns all around the place, as well as different beaches. A selection of bars cafes shops and restaurants is available in Gythion, as well as in Areopolis. A mini market is located quite near the villa, in Vathy (5 km).
A short description follows.

-Beaches:
”Paralia Kalamakia Skoutariou”
(A blue flag beach)-(??????? ???????? 4 Km 7 min. drive), is the nearest and most lovely sandy beach, just 4 minutes by car. It is there where “Kalamakia” fish tavern is located by the beach.”
”Paralia “Kamares”, (??????? ???????-3.4 Km 8 min drive) is as well, close to the house, not more than 4 minutes by car, a sandy beach extended to 1.5Km long. Visiting that beach, it is recommended that you chose its upper end in “Kamares” village. After swimming, you can choose between two, inexpensive, local taverns for lunch.
Paralia “Vathy”, (??????? ????) 5.9Km 11 min. drive- is a sandy beach nearby hotel “Belle Helene”. This is a sandy beach organized with umbrellas, chaise long, coffee and bar service at the beach two restaurants for those preferring to have lunch after swimming.
/Ageranos/Kamares this is a sandy beach organized with umbrellas and a bar serving coffee fresh juice and small snacks. The access to the beach is through “Belle Helene”
hotel. Park your car, and pass through the hotel’s entrance to the beach.
“Kalyvia” beach (???????-1.7 Km) seashore, is 2 min. drive from the villa. This is a small port for fish boats, along with a sandy beach. Within a distance of 3 minutes drive, there are two more picturesque little gulfs, 5 minutes away from each other, very quiet and calm, out of the crowds, for only a few admirers, ideal for those who seek tranquillity and isolation.
”Petalea” beach (??????? 15.2 Km 18
min drive: It is located at “Mavrovouni (??????????) bay”, is a sandy beach organized with umbrellas, chaise long, coffee and bar service at the beach, and a restaurant for those who want to have lunch after swimming.
-Taverns
Vassili’s (Thalami-??????): Fish tavern At Ageranos (????????-4,8Km 9 min drive) village (Mainly open all day). Tel: (+30 6974945802). There it is served Grilled fresh fish, fried small fishes, squid, octopus e.t.c. Grilled meat, and traditional Greek oven, Italian pasta etc. Located at Ageranos village is a pleasant place to sit and have your lunch in front of the sea view.
George’s Tavern: Located at "Drossopigi" village, (?????????-9.7Km 11.5 min drive) at the upper spot of a small mountain
George’s Tavern is a family tavern with panoramic
view. (+30 27333093283) Open mainly for evening, A good inexpensive grilled food, some local dishes, eggs with “syglino” (Smoked pork or pork sausage with aromatic herbs such as thyme, or oregano, mint, e.t.c, stored in lard with orange peel), traditional Greek oven dishes, such as, mousaka, pastitsio stuffed vegetables etc.
Skoutari fish taverns
1-(Kalamakia/?????????) (????????-4 Km 7 min drive): Tel: (+30 6984145276). Located on the sandy beach of Skoutari village serves inexpensive fish. Ouzo and “Mezes” and Greek dishes. 2-Two other taverns are located on the sandy
beach the one next to the other, with the traditional one “Katsikaros”, located at the end of the sandy beach of “Vordona
Santa Barbara”. Tables are spread in a courtyard under a roof of reeds and some of them on the beach sand. It is there that you will find really fresh fish, with catches with their own
boat. If the weather is windy or is full moon day, do not plan to visit the tavern, since they will not have any fish to offer you. It is a nice place for
having lunch after a bath in the crystal clear sea waters, of the “Skoutari” gulf.
Kotronas (????????-15.5 Km 19 min drive)
is a picturesque fishing port and small seaside resort on the edge of a bay. It is a lovely place by the sea, for a coffee or a drink. You even can have your dinner or lunch, at the fish tavern located on the main square of the village. Tel: (+320 6978991868)
In the village of Kotronas, you will find as well unexpectedly, a
gourmet restaurant “En plo” under the management of Mrs, Panagakou. It is suggested that you do not miss her delicious
dishes. Tel: (+302733021340).

“Takis” Fish Tavern
Driving down the slope of the mountain, “Limeni” (??????-19.8Km 25 min drive), suddenly appears inside a small cove with old stone houses hung on the Rocky hillside
with cypress. The side of the sea with its deep blue colour is a unique landscape that you rarely meet elsewhere. The turquoise waters of the seashore are not salty because they are coming through subterranean flows from the rocks. It does worth to watch the sunset from “Takis” tavern. The superb fresh fish at this small restaurant in Limeni, the port of Areopoli, draws locals from as far away as “Kalamata”, so be sure to make a reservation if you want a seaside table. This is not the place to eat if you are squeamish about seeing
fish prepared a few feet away from where you are eating. On the other hand, the seafood here is so good that you may find yourself coming back for a meal after meal while you are in Mani. The seafood's price is not cheap; Be sure to ask
for prices unless the price is not an issue.
“Saga” restaurant-fish tavern: Gythio: (??????-21.5km 24 min drive).
This is a good traditional tavern by the sea in Gythio. There you can find fresh fish, octopus, calamari, (squids), and other fish dishes. Tel: (+30 27330221348,
In Gythio, you can find a variety of restaurants and taverns along the walk of the coastal road.

-Bars
“Areopolis” and mainly ¨Gythion” are the nearest towns where you can find a variety of bars and coffee shops.

-Cultural events
Every New Year’s Eve, the exchange of gifts. It's an event which is held at the initiative of the Council of Gythio, in the area of the Christmas scenes which have been constructed for the festive holidays. Whoever wants to, can bring their gifts or cakes to the Town hall and after the change of the year
with fireworks, music, dancing and other festivities, the Mayor shares out the gifts and the cakes to all who are there.
-The second day of Easter, the traditional get together on the island of "Kranai" in front of the castle with lambs on the spit and in the oven according to “Manian” customs, with a local band dancing, wine, red painted eggs and a merry mood.
-The 1st of October, in Gythio, the fishermen fish the best
"maridaki" (a very small fish) in the world. This is celebrated with a traditional feast in the afternoon of the same day, where the first catch is served with plenty of wine, free.
-The last Saturday of Carnival period (end of February) all the local authorities in collaboration with the schools, organize the Carnival parade which year by year it becomes more popular. At the beginning of the parade comes the big Carnival and behind him, groups of maskers dressed in fancy
dresses. The parade ends up in the wharf of the port where takes place the burning of the Carnival in an atmosphere of fireworks, music, and dancing.
-"Marathonissia" painting and book exhibitions, theatre performances, beach volley, games, e.t.c.
-On September 14, the Exaltation of the Holy Cross. An outdoor trade on Gythio's market.
-Finally, you may visit the town hall in Gythio and get the program of the year for all summer events in the nearby area

-Days out

Southern Mani peninsula
First, stop Areopoli / «????????» (20,1Km south of Kalyvia village 24 min. drive) has an austere look and plenty of towers and churches. Its name (town of Ares, ancient God of war) was bestowed for its efforts in the war of independence. You can enjoy your coffee at the main square which is the centre of life in the town and a great place to watch people.
The town sights are plenty. Its narrow alleys and cobbled streets are
the photographer’s dream and, being a historic town, there are a number of places worth visiting:
1-Areopoli Museum
A small, well-designed museum seated at the Pikoulaki Tower. Opened its doors in 2006, the expedition’s subject is Religion and Traditional Rural life in Mani. Best if you visit early during your stay as it illustrates and explains a lot about the whole region. Open during all week except Tuesday, 8.00-15.00. Tel: 27330-29531
2-Kapetanakis tower, 3-Mavromihalis Tower museum, (four-storey tower), 4-“Church of “Taxiarhon" (17th century).
Following the map out of Areopolis, on the road to “Diros” caves

Diros caves (??????? ?????) (31 Km 39 min. drive). (Tel: 0030 733052222). They are among the most important natural sites in Greece and of great archaeological significance. The tour inside the cave is done with small gondolas. Functions during all days except Monday - 8.30-15.00 ?: 27330 52222

Horse riding
At Diros, you can enjoy horse riding in “Mani horses». Horse-trekking is organized
in the mountains or by the sea for small groups for one or more
Tel; +306944430642 - +306979049190

Gerolimenas village (???????????)
Leaving the “Diros Caves”, drive to “Gerolimenas” / «???????????» (44.1Km 49 min. drive) picturesque small coastal village at the southern end of the Mani Peninsula, ?he name, which means "Old Harbour", is thought to derive from the ancient "????? ?????" (Ieros Limen), meaning "Sacred Harbour" One of the remotest settlements in the Peloponnese, with pebbly beach, and fresh fish taverns. Do not miss to visit for a coffee, the hotel “Kirimai” which is the result of restored old store buildings, used at old times to cover the transportation needs of the port.

Vathia
Vatheia (Greek: ??????, Greek pronunciation: [??????], also Vathia, 52.6 Km 1- hour drive) is a little town in Laconia, Greece, on the Mani Peninsula. It is part of the municipal unit Oitylo. Rarely is such a beauty encountered: a traditional residential district of Man?, full of towers. Vathia is located, 52.6 Km from Kalyvia village and it is one of the most dramatic villages in Mani. It is famous for its grand towers (Pyrgoi). Vatheia is situated in a hilly setting and is linked with the road running north to Areopoli and Kalamata and south to Cape Tenaro/Matapan. To the north, hills and mountains overlook the town. Farmland and sparse forest cover the valley areas. On the hilltops are abandoned homes, which are coloured with earth and topaz along with its rooftops which are like fortresses and were built out of the stone south of the place (plateia). Modern buildings exist right in the centre. Now Vatheia is a tourist attraction in spring because of its wildflowers that cover the nearby hills and its breathtaking views. Not far away from Vathia, the villages Lagia (17 Km) and Alika (4 Km) are worth a visit.

Cape Tainaron
Cape Tainaron, the Mythical Gate to Hades (54.1 Km. 1 hour and 15 minutes drive. The lighthouse of Cape Tainaro:
The gate of Hades by ancient Greek Mythology and the southern part of the European mainland (52 Km). Go by car to Porto Cagio and then 5km on foot. Be sure to have with you, water, a hat, sunglasses, and hiking shoes
Mythology
Heading towards southern Peloponnese, the shift from the prefecture of Messenia to that of Laconia is clearly reflected in the landscape. From evergreen hills and picturesque villages built on the shore of a beautiful blue sea to wild and dominating scenery composed of naked from vegetation mountains, tower-houses built with the local stone and emerald seawaters. There is definitely a sensation of mystery in this unique region of Greece, the region of Mani.
Cape Taenaron (alternative spelling: Taenarum) is situated on the peninsula of Mani in southern Peloponnese, having the Laconian Gulf to its east and the Messenian Gulf in its west. The cape took its name from the mythical hero and son of Zeus, Taenarus, who was believed to have built a town named after him at the narrow isthmus located near the tip of the peninsula.
In the ancient times, Cape Tainaron was known as Poseidion, as it was the place where Poseidon was worshipped, while much later (after AD 1204), during the period of Francocracy, it was widely known as Cavo Matapas, Cave Matapan, Cabo Mettapan and Cavo Matapa. The origin of this latter name is ambiguous and some support that it comes from the ancient Greek Metapea akra (Greek: ??????? ????), meaning either a place surrounded by two seas. (as is a peninsula) or a place that is split in two by the passage of water, e.g. of a river.
According to Pausanias and Plutarch, the death oracle of Poseidon lived in a small and remote cave in Cape Taenaron. This place is likely to be located outside the settlement of Kokkinogia, where one can see the remains of Poseidon’s Sanctuary and Death Oracle or, more precisely, the Byzantine chapel of Agioi Asomatoi, which was built on the remains of the death oracle using the ancient materials. It was common practice for the Christians to build their churches on top of ancient Greek temples and sanctuaries when the Christian religion took over the region. Unfortunately, many ancient Greek places of worship have been destroyed this way.
At the same region, one can find the Cave of Hades, also known as the Gate to Hades, which —according to the ancient Greek Mythology— was the gate to the Underworld and it was guarded by Cerberus, a monstrous three-headed hound with brazen voice, which prevented the Dead from escaping. This is the cave through which Heracles (alternatively known as Hercules) descended to the Underworld to kidnap and bring Cerberus to Earth for his twelfth labour, and Orpheus to bring back to live, his beloved wife, Eurydice.
The lighthouse at the very tip of Cape Tainaron is the southernmost geographical point of mainland Greece and of the Balkan Peninsula, as well as the second southernmost point of continental Europe, after La Punta de Tarifa in Andalusia, Spain.
For those planning to visit this wonderful region, there are several places to stay nearby. The largest nearest towns are Areopoli, Vatheia, and Pyrgos Dirou, but there are many beautiful villages by the sea that are absolutely stunning, such as Gerolimenas and my favourite tiny fishing village, called Limeni

Porto Cagio
Porto Cagio (51 Km, or one hour and a quarter drive, (????? ?????), is the historical bay in the “Eastern Mani” in “Lakonikos” Gulf by the “Kritira” peninsula which is the name given by the local people. It is located 3 miles north of Tainaro Cape. Porto Cagio is a beautiful, natural port and a natural attraction. Moreover, it’s a safe port for all the winds except for northeast and eastern winds. In the ancient years, it was named as, “Psammathous” or “Psommathias” bay, a name that is used by local people until today. The modern name Porto Cagio (Porto means port in Greek and Cagio means quail) was used due to the fact that the region is a passage of many migratory birds, especially quails.
In the Porto Cagio region, there are remnants of two historical forts. The first was built by the Turks in 1570 and the other by Lambros Katsonis in 1792 when he was fortified in the bay. At the edge of the port, there is Porto Cagio village, which is the seaport of the village “Palyros”. Administratively, Porto Cagio belongs to the Municipality of the Eastern Mani.
The local residents were numbered 31 in the last census. There is no primary school and the electricity and the street connection with the main road of Mani was created in the 80’s. In the summer months, the bay is full of sailing boats moving from the Aegean to the Ionian Sea and vice versa. It is also an attraction for many Italian amateur fishermen.

Archangels & Plitra
The seaside villages of "Archangelos" (81.8 Km. 1 hours and thirty-eight min drive) and "Plitra" are peaceful fishing villages with many beauties, sheltered port and sandy beaches with crystal clear waters. Both are an ideal place for relaxing holidays all year round, sea sports and fishing. In "Plitra" (74 Km 1 hours and 27 min. drive) was an ancient city that was destroyed by an earthquake in 375 AD.

Monemvasia
"Monemvasia" (in Greek: ?????????? - 87.1 Km 1 hour and 42 min. drives), is a town and a municipality in Laconia, Greece. The town is located on a small peninsula off the east coast of the Peloponnese. The peninsula is linked to the mainland by a short causeway 200m in length. Its area consists mostly of a large plateau some 100 meters above sea level, up to 300m wide and 1 km long the site of a powerful medieval fortress. The town walls and many Byzantine churches remain from the medieval period. The seat of the municipality is the town Molaoi.
The town's name derives from two Greek words, “mone” and “emvasia”, meaning "single entrance". It's Italian form, Malvasia, gave its name to Malmsey wine. Monemvasia's nickname is the Gibraltar of the East or The Rock.
Geography
The town is built on the slope to the southeast of the rock, overlooking Palaia Monemvasia bay. Many of the streets are narrow and fit only for pedestrians. A small hamlet of about 10 houses lies to the northwest.
History
The town and fortress were founded in 583 by people seeking refuge from the Slavic and the Avaric invasion of Greece. A history of the invasion and occupation of the Peloponnese was recorded in the medieval Chronicle of Monemvasia. From the 10th century AD, the town developed into an important trade and maritime centre. The fortress withstood the Arab and Norman invasions in 1147; cornfields that fed up to 30 men were tilled inside the fortress. William II of Villehardouin took it in 1248, on honourable terms, after three years of siege; in 1259 William was captured by the Greeks after the battle of Pelagonia and in 1262 it was retroceded to Michael VIII Palaiologos as part of William's ransom
It remained part of the Byzantine Empire until 1460, becoming the seat of an imperial governor, a landing place for Byzantine operations against the Franks, the main port of shipment (if not always production) for Malmsey wine, and one of the most dangerous lairs of corsairs in the Levant. The Emperors gave it valuable privileges, attracting Roger de Lluria who sacked the lower town in 1292. The town welcomed the Catalan Company on its way eastward in 1302. In 1397, the Despot of the Morea, Theodore I Palaiologos, deposed the local dynasty of Monemvasia, who appealed to Sultan Bayezid I and was reinstated by Turkish troops. In 1419, the rock appears to have come into the possession of Venice though it soon returned to the Despot. About 1401, the historian George Sphrantzes was born in the town. After the fall of Constantinople (Istanbul) in 1453, Monemvasia held out against the threats of Sultan Mehmed II in 1458 and 1460 when it became the only remaining domain of the Despot of the Morea, Thomas Palaiologos, claimant of the Imperial throne. He had no forces to defend it; he offered it to the Sultan and finally sold it to the Pope. By 1464, the inhabitants found the Pope's representative feeble and the Pope unable to protect them; they admitted a Venetian garrison. The town was fairly prosperous under Venetian rule until the peace of 1502-3, in which it lost its farmlands, the source of its food supply and of Malmsey wine. The food had to come by sea or from Turkish-held lands, and the cultivation of wine languished under Turkish rule. The rock was governed by the Venetians until the treaty of 1540, which cost the Republic Nauplia and “Monemvasia”, her last two possessions on mainland Greece. Those inhabitants who did not wish to live under Turkish rule were given lands elsewhere. The Ottomans then ruled the town until the brief Venetian recovery in 1690, then again from 1715 to 1821. It was known as "Menek?” ("Violet" in Turkish) during Ottoman rule and was a sanjak (province) centre in the Morea Eyalet. The commercial importance of the town continued until the Orlov Revolt (1770) in the Russo-Turkish War, which saw its importance declined severely. The town was liberated from Ottoman rule on July 23, 1821, by Tzannetakis Grigorakis who entered the town with his private army during the Greek War of Independence.
Modern times
In 1971, Monemvasia became linked with the rest of the outside world through a bridge on the western side that connects to Gr-86. In more recent history, the town has seen a resurgence in importance with increasing numbers of tourists visiting the site and the region. The medieval buildings have been restored, and many of them converted to hotels.
Gythio (Gythion, Gytheio, Gytheion, Yithio, Yithion)
HISTORY: According to some, the Phoenicians are regarded as the founders of the city and probably introduced the worship of Aphrodite Megonitida. When Pausanias visited Gythio he recorded an old tale according to which Heracles and Apollo were the founders of the city after the end of a fight over a Delphic tripod, stolen by Heracles. Following the Doric conquest, interest in Gythio ceased. The Spartans fortified both the port and later the city, frequently attacked by Athenian forces. Around 455 BC, the Athenian admiral Tolmides seized and destroyed Gythio so as to prevent the Spartans naval development but the Spartans fortified the port yet again. Both Epaminondas in 369 BC and Philip V of Macedonia in 218 BC failed in their attempts to capture the city. Gythio was rebuilt later by Nabis and in 195 AC was felt to the Romans after a siege. Titus Flaminius set up a confederacy (Lacedaemonians Common) made up of Gythio and other coastal towns which changed its name to Free Lakonians Common during the rule of Augustus. From then on Gythio set out to become not only an important commercial centre but also a port renewed for the progress and exportation of porphyry. The city's prosperity lasted until the 4th century. It was restocked by the Goths in 395 AC and finally deserted. In 1687, it resurfaced again, as a small port. In 1770, it was known as “Marathonissi” and was a major centre of the Greek Revolution and the most important city of the free-Lakonian League. After the outbreak of the revolution of 1821 the Gregorakis family, members of the “Filiki Eteria” raised the flag of revolution on Marathonissi on March 23rd thus making it the Greek fleet operations centre. In 1830, Gythio raised against I.Kapodistria. In 1852, the inhabitants stood firmly behind monk Papoulakis movement mainly because they opposed King Otto’s government. In 1934, Gythio revolted against the Bavarians who wanted to demolish the traditional towers of Mani.
Today represents the capital of Mani the isolated southern fringe of the Peloponesse named after Maina castle, built by William de Villehardouin in the 13th century. It is the second largest city (4600 inhabitants) in Laconia after Sparta and the seat of an eparchy. From August 1997, Gythio is affiliated with the French city Villeneuve Les Avignon. Olives, olive oil, and valonia are its chief exports. It has a pleasant promenade with pastel-coloured buildings chambering up to the steep wooded hill of Koumaros. Gythio boasts beautiful sand and stone beaches, picturesque houses, friendly and affable people.
The ancient theatre of Gythion (24 Km 31 minutes drive), lies to the north of the modern city, close to the ancient town. It is a Roman theatre and consists one of the most important archaeological sites in the area. It was initially built in the 1st century, but it was renovated under the Roman emperor Augustus. It had simple stone seats in all rows except for the first, which was made of marble. The diameter of the auditorium is approximately 75m and some Roman buildings are placed behind. It is a small theatre, but still well-preserved. This is also where the thymelic performances used to take place. The thymelic was a song contest dedicated to god Dionysos, which included a parade and a sacrifice to the Roman emperors. Today, although the site is abandoned, there are some cultural events taking place in this theatre every summer, as part of the Festival of Gythio. They include ancient drama performances, public speeches, and music concerts house. Follow the road to Gythion town, when entering the town, direct yourselves to the road “Gythion-Skala”.
The island of Kranai (Gythion-Gytheio)
The ancient Marathonissi (23.2 Km 29 minutes drive), is a low rocky islet, joined to the coast by a narrow pier built in 1898. It was a port of call for the Phoenicians when fishing for purple - dye. The Phoenicians went so far as to build a temple to Aphrodite on the island, which is also the place where Paris and Helen spent their first night when fleeing from Sparta by ship to Troy. The islet’s 18th-century tower once belonged to the wild Mavromichaelis family, Maniot rebels who played an important role in the assassination of Kapodistria, Greek’s first president, in Nafplion. The tower now has been restored and it houses the Historical and Ethnological Museum of Mani which deals with the exploration of the Mani region through the centuries. You may also visit the impressive lighthouse of the island. It was built in 1873 and it's 23 meters high.
Tzanis Tzanetakis museum (Gythion-Gytheio)
Tzanis Tzanetakis tower (Gythion) Kranai Island 23.2 km 29 minutes drive
The tower which is in a very good condition is located in the small island o Kranai, in Gythio. It was built in 1829 and it was the house of the bey of Mani Tzanetakis Grigorakis. Since 1898, the island is connected to the land. The tower today houses the museum of Mani. According to the Greek Mythology, Paris and Helen of Troy spent a night on the island of Kranai, when escaped from Sparta, on their way to sail to Troy. Paris forgot his helmet there, hence the name of the island (in Greek: helmet="kranos")
Follow the road to Gythion town as prescribed above. Seek for “Kranai” island.

Mystras
Mystras and Sparta on Mountain
(??????? 59.8 Km 1 hour and 27 min. drive) the Byzantine city-state (59Km). Go on to the national road towards Gythion, then, Sparta and Mystras.
Mystras occupies a steep foothill on the northern slopes of Mt. Taygetos, 5Km NW of Sparti. The castle on the top of the hill was founded in 1249 by the Frankish leader Wiliam Villeharduin. The whole of Mystras is an open-air museum, a reminder of the glorious era of power and culture.
“Taygetos” or “Pentadactylos” is the highest mountain in the Peloponnese, stretching between the river Evrotas - Megalopolis and
"Messenia". The top of a height of 2407 meters and is called, “Prophet Helias”. It presents a wide variety of flora and fauna due to the large size of only 25 endemic species while a passage for migratory birds. On the slopes of Taygetos are numerous small villages with great local colour and operates at an altitude mountain resort 1,600 meters.

Trypi
Close to “Mystras” is “Trypi” village (????? 63.2 Km, 1 hour and 10 min
drive).
Trypi is a small village of almost 300 inhabitants. Its main attraction is the steep ravine of "Kaiadas", where the Spartans were said to abandon their weak and deformed infants as well as the criminals, traitors, and war prisoners. “Kaiadas” is a very scenic gorge and may result a bit frightening for those who are aware of this tradition.
You can find the Byzantine churches of “Agioi Theodoroi” and “Koimisi tis Theotokou” in “Trypi” as well as the abandoned monastery of “Agios “Ioannis Prodromos”. Have also in mind that Saint Nikon lived and taught in the area and visit his cave.
Apart from historical attractions, “Trypi” is surrounded by beautiful scenery. It has many streams, among which we find the springs of “Karvasaras” and “Vasiloneri”. If you love nature, there are many hiking trails and a climbing park in the “Laggada gorge”.
”Trypi” also has some useful facilities. There are good restaurants with delicious local appetizers and traditional meals at moderate prices. It is recommended to experience Greek coffee prepared on the stove.

Oitylo - Stoupa
”Oitylo” (?????? 23.2Km 28 min. drive) is located
31Km from Kalyvia and 11Km from Areopoli and it is the hub transport of the area. It is a traditional village with long history, situated on the place of the ancient city as mentioned by Homer. The church of Saint George and the Monastery of Dekoulon with frescoes since the 18th century are worth a visit.
Drive straight ahead out of Kalyvia village. Follow the road without turning left or right, till you meet with the highway. Turn right in a direction to Gythion. At the end of this road, just in front of you the Saint Constantine’s Orthodox Church. Turn to the left to the direction of “Areopoli” (????????). Before entering the town turn right
at the sign to “Limeni” on your right-hand side. Keep driving down, following the road, and then up to the hill.

Agios Nikolaos
South of “Stoupa” (????? 50.5 Km 51 min. drive) on the coast is the picturesque fishing village of “Agios Nikolaos” (47.8 Km 47 min. drive) / «????? ????????» (4Km from Stoupa) still often called by its older Slavic name, “Selinitsa”. There are three exits off the main road to the coastal road that links Selinitsa to and “Trahila”. Alternatively, there is a gentle coastal path from Stoupa which takes less than an hour on foot (see the maps of both villages, where the walk starts and finishes – you cannot get lost in between). Life is centred on the harbour- a great place to sit, eat and drink while watching the boats coming and going. In the summer, the road is closed to vehicles, as taverns make use of the space to put tables and chairs right on the water’s edge. The beach is roughly a kilometre further south; about a 10-15-minute walk. To reach the place, just follow the direction to “Areopoli” - “Limeni” - “Itilo” – “Agios Nikolaos”, then Stoupa.

Elafonissos island
“Elafonissos” is a very small island, just 19 square km on the southern eastern Tip of Peloponnese.
The distance from the mainland is a mere 570 meters of crystal clear water on top of thin, white sand. (22 nautical miles, from (Gythio”). There is a boat sailing to the island three times a week from the port of Gythio.

The island of Cythera
Kithira” island in a distance of 35 km from
The same boat sailing from "Gythio" to "Elafonissos", reach the port of “Kythira” three times a week from the port of “Gythio”.
Cythera (Greek: ??????), also transliterated, Kithira, Kythira.
The Italian Cerigo can be used in speaking of late medieval and early modern Cythera.), is an island in Greece, once part of the Ionian Islands. It lies opposite the South-eastern tip of the Peloponnese peninsula. In Ancient Greek mythology, Kythira was considered to be the island of celestial Aphrodite, the Goddess of love, (cf. Cyprus, the island of Astarte, the Goddess of Love). Since the late 20th century, the Kythirean economy has largely focused on tourism, and in the process, has become dependent this provides the majority of the island’s income, despite the fact that Kythira is not one of the most popular tourist destinations in Greece. The popular season usually begins with the Greek holiday of Pentecost at the end of May and lasts until the middle of September. During this time, primarily during August, the island's population will often triple due to the tourists and natives returning for the vacation. The largest villages are Potamos, Agia Pelagia, Chora (The capital of the island), Ano livadi, Kalamos, and Livadi

Ancient Mycenea
Mycenae 'Rich in Gold', 2 Hours + 16 minutes,168 Kilometers, the kingdom of mythical Agamemnon, first sung by Homer in his epics, is the most important and richest palatial centre of the Late Bronze Age in Greece. Its name was given to one of the greatest civilizations of Greek prehistory, the Mycenaean civilization, while the myths related to its history have inspired poets and writers over many centuries, from the Homeric epics and the great tragedies of the Classical period to contemporary literary and artistic creation. Perseus, son of Zeus and Dana? daughter of Akrisios, king of Argos and descendant of Danaos, is traditionally considered as its mythical founder. Pausanias (2, 16, 3) reports that Perseus named the new city Mycenae after the pommel (mykes) of his sword, which fell there, or after the Perseia spring, discovered there under the root of a mushroom (mykes). According to the myth, Perseus's descendants reigned at Mycenae for three generations. After the last of them, Eurystheas died childlessly, the Mycenaeans chose Atreus, son of Pelops, father of Agamemnon and Menelaos, as their king.
Mycenae was founded between two tall conical hills, Profitis Ilias (805 m.) and Sara (660 m.), on a low plateau dominating the Argive plain and controlling both the land and sea routes. The site was first occupied in the seventh millennium BC (Neolithic period). Very little remains of this early settlement, because of continuous re-occupation up until the historical period. Most of the monuments visible today were erected in the Late Bronze Age, between 1350 and 1200 BC when the site was at its peak. In the early second millennium BC, a small settlement existed on the hill and a cemetery with simple burials on its southwest slope. Grave Circle B, a stone-built funerary enclosure containing monumental graves with rich grave gifts, indicates that the first families of rulers and aristocrats appeared at Mycenae at approximately 1700 BC. This social structure developed further in the early Mycenaean period, c. 1600 BC, when a large central building, a second funerary enclosure (Grave Circle A) and the first tholos tombs were erected on the hill. The finds from these monuments show that the powerful Mycenaean rulers participated in a complex network of commercial exchange with other parts of the Mediterranean.
The construction of the palace and fortification wall currently visible began c. 1350 BC (Late Helladic IIIA2). The latter saw three construction phases, the first wall being built of Cyclopean masonry. A new wall was erected to the west and south of the early one approximately one hundred years later (Late Helladic IIIB1), together with the Lion Gate, the citadel's monumental entrance, and its bastion. Included in the newly fortified area where the city's religious centre and Grave Circle A, which was refurbished and used for ancestral cults. The famous tholos tomb known as the 'Treasure of Atreus', with its gigantic lintels and tall beehive vault, was probably built during the same period. At approximately 1200 BC, in the Late Helladic IIIB-C period, following a large destruction probably caused by an earthquake, the walls were extended to the northeast so as to include the subterranean well. Successive destructions and fires led to the site's final abandonment c. 1100 BC.
After the collapse of the palatial system and of the 'Mycenaean Koine', the hill was sparsely inhabited until the Classical period. Meanwhile, several local cults of heroes developed in the area, fuelled by Mycenae's fame, which the Homeric poems spread throughout Greece. A temple dedicated to Hera or Athena was erected on the top of the hill in the Archaic period. In 468 BC, after the Persian Wars, in which Mycenae took part, the town was conquered by Argos and had part of its fortification wall destroyed. In the Hellenistic period, the Argives founded a 'village' on the hill, repaired the prehistoric walls and the Archaic temple, and erected a small theatre over the dromos of the tholos tomb of Clytaemnestra. The town was abandoned in subsequent centuries and was already in ruins when Pausanias visited it in the second century AD.
Ancient Epidaurus (Greek ?????????) Population: 8,115
Coordinates: 37°38?N 23°8?E Coordinates: 37°38?N 23°8’ ?????????, Epidavros-213 Km 3 hours and 20 min. drive) was a small city (polis) in ancient Greece, at the Saronic Gulf. Two modern towns bear the name Epidavros (?????????): Palaia Epidavros and “Nea Epidavros”. Since 2010, they belong to the new municipality of Epidavros, part of the regional unit of Argolis. The seat of the municipality is the town Asklipieio.[2]
History
Epidaurus was not independent of Argos and not included in Argolis until the time of the Romans. With its supporting territory, it formed the small territory called Epidauria. Reputed to be the birthplace of Apollo's son Asclepius, the healer, Epidaurus was known for its sanctuary situated about five miles (8 km) from the town, as well as its theatre, which is once again in use today. The cult of Asclepius at Epidaurus is attested in the 6th century BC when the older hill-top sanctuary of Apollo Maleatas was no longer spacious enough.
The “Asclepieion” at “Epidaurus” was the most celebrated healing centre of the Classical world, the place where ill people went in the hope of being cured. To find out the right cure for their ailments, they spent a night in the enkoimeteria, a big sleeping hall. In their dreams, the god himself would advise them what they had to do to regain their health. Found in the sanctuary, there was a guest house for 160 guestrooms. There are also mineral springs in the vicinity which may have been used in healing.
Asclepius, the most important healer god of antiquity, brought prosperity to the sanctuary, which in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC embarked on an ambitious building program for enlarging and reconstruction of monumental buildings. Fame and prosperity continued throughout the Hellenistic period. In 87 BC, the sanctuary was looted by the Roman general Sulla, and in 67 BC, it was plundered by pirates. In the 2nd century AD, the sanctuary enjoyed a new upsurge under the Romans, but in AD 395 the Goths raided the sanctuary.
Even after the introduction of Christianity and the silencing of the oracles, the sanctuary at Epidaurus was still known as late as the mid 5th century, although as a Christian healing centre.
Theater
The prosperity brought by the Asklepieion enabled Epidaurus to construct civic monuments too: the huge theatre that delighted Pausanias for its symmetry and beauty, which is used once again for dramatic performances, the ceremonial Hestiatoreion (banqueting hall), baths and a palaestra. The theatre was designed by Polykleitos the Younger in the 4th century BC. The original 34 rows were extended in Roman times by another 21 rows. As is usual for Greek theatres (and as opposed to Roman ones), the view of a lush landscape behind the skênê is an integral part of the theatre itself and is not to be obscured. It seats up to 15,000 people.
The theatre is marvelled for its exceptional acoustics, which permits almost perfect intelligibility of unamplified spoken word from the proscenium or skênê to all 15,000 spectators, regardless of their seating (see Ref., in Greek). Famously, tour guides have their groups scattered in the stands and show them how they can easily hear the sound of a match struck at centre-stage. A 2007 study by Nico F. Declercq and Cindy Dekeyser of the Georgia Institute of Technology indicates that the astonishing acoustic properties are the result of the advanced design: The rows of limestone seats filter out low-frequency sounds, such as the murmur of the crowd, and amplify high-frequency sounds from the stage

Ancient Olympia
Coordinates: 37°38?17?N 21°37?50?E
Olympia (Greek: ??????? Olympía 206Km 3 hours and 8 min. drive), a sanctuary of ancient Greece in Elis, is known for having been the site of the Olympic Games in classical times, the most famous games in history.
The Olympic Games were held every four years throughout Classical Antiquity, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD.[2] The first Olympic Games were in honour of Zeus.
Olympia in the main Greek sanctuaries
The sanctuary, known as the Altis, consists of an unordered arrangement of various buildings. Enclosed within the temenos (sacred enclosure) are the Temple of Hera (or Heraion/Heraeum) and Temple of Zeus, the Pelopion and the area of the altar, where the sacrifices were made. The Hippodrome and later stadium were also to the east.
To the north of the sanctuary, they can be found the Prytaneion and the Philippeion, as well, as the array of treasures, representing the various city-states. The Metroon lies to the south of these treasuries, with the Echo Stoa to the East. To the south of the sanctuary is the South Stoa and the Bouleuterion, whereas the Westside houses the Palaestra, the workshop of Pheidias, the Gymnasion and the Leonidaion.
Olympia is also known for the gigantic ivory and gold statue of Zeus that used to stand there, sculpted by Pheidias, which was named one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World by Antipater of Sidon. Very close to the Temple of Zeus which housed this statue, the studio of Pheidias was excavated in the 1950s. Evidence found there, such as sculptor's tools, corroborates this opinion. The ancient ruins sit north of the Alfeios River and Mount Kronos (named after the Greek deity Kronos). The Kladeos, a tributary of the Alfeios, flows around the area. It is located in the part of Greece which is called Peloponesse. In Ancient Greece, Olympia was sacred ground to the Greeks.
Prehistory
Remains of food and burnt offerings dating back to the 10th century BC give evidence of a long history of religious activity at the site. No buildings have survived from this earliest period of use.[3] Also, the charred remains of a Homo Heidelbergensis body were found at Olympia.
Geometric and Archaic periods
Ruins of the Temple of Hera
The first Olympic festival was organized on the site by the authorities of Elis in the 8th century BC – with the tradition dating the first games at 776 BC. Major changes were made to the site around 700 BC, including levelling land and digging new wells. Elis' power diminished and at the beginning of the 7th century BC, the sanctuary fell into the hands of the Pisatans in 676 BC. The Pisatans organized the games until the late 7th century BC
The earliest evidence of building activity on the site dates from around 600 BC. At this time, the Skiloudians, allies of the Pistans, built the Temple of Hera. The Treasuries and the Pelopion were built during the course of the 6th century BC. The secular structures and athletic arenas were also under construction during this period including the Bouleuterion. The first stadium was constructed around 560 BC; it consisted of just a simple track. The stadium was remodelled around 500 BC with sloping sides for spectators and shifted slightly to the east. Over the course of the 6th century BC, a range of sports was added to the Olympic festival. In 580 BC, Elis, in alliance with Sparta, occupied Pisa and regained the control over the sanctuary.
Classical period
The classical period, between the 5th and 4th centuries BC, was the golden age of the site at Olympia. A wide range of new religious and secular buildings and structures were constructed. The Temple of Zeus was built in the middle of the 5th century BC. Its size, scale, and ornamentation were beyond anything previously constructed on the site. Further sporting facilities, including the final iteration of the stadium, and the Hippodrome (for chariot-racing) were constructed. The Prytaneion was built at the northwest side of the site in 470 BC.[4] In the late classical period, further structures were added to the site. The Metroon was constructed near the Treasuries c.400 BC. The erection of the Echo Stoa, around 350, separated off the sanctuary from the area of the games and stadium. The South Stoa was built BC at the southern edge of the sanctuary at approximately the same time.
Hellenistic period
Ruins of the Philippeion
The late 4th century BC saw the erection of the Philippeion. Around 300 BC the largest building on the site, the Leonidaion, was constructed to house important visitors. Due to the increasing importance of the games, further athletic buildings were constructed including the Palaestra (3rd century BC), Gymnasion (2nd century BC) and bathhouses (c.300 BC). Finally, in 200 BC, a vaulted archway was erected linking the entrance of the stadium to the sanctuary.[5]
Roman period
During the Roman period, the games were opened up to all citizens of the Roman Empire. A programme of extensive repairs, including to the Temple of Zeus, and new building, took place. In 150 AD, the Nympheum (or Exedra) was built. New baths replaced the older Greek examples in 100 AD and an aqueduct constructed in 160 AD. The 3rd century saw the site suffer heavy damage from a series of earthquakes. Invading tribes in 267 AD led to the centre of the site being fortified with robbed, material from its monuments. Despite the destruction, the Olympic festival continued to be held at the site until the last Olympiad in 393 AD, after which a decree from the Christian emperor, Theodosius I implemented a ban. Apparently, the Temple of Zeus was destroyed around 426 AD following an edict by Theodosius II enforcing the ban on pagan festivals. The workshop of Pheidias was turned into a Basilica and the site was inhabited by a Christian community.[6] Olympia seems to have prospered during the 5th century AD until Justinian's plague and two Earthquakes devastated it by the mid-6th century. Repeated floods ensured that the settlement was finally abandoned altogether in the early 7th Century. Archaeological evidence suggests that small-scale Olympic events (possibly in Christian guise) was still being secretly held until an earthquake in AD 551 finally destroyed the place of worship, burying it under mud and debris.

Discovery and early excavations
Over time, the site was buried under alluvial deposits, up to 8 meters deep, long thought to be the result of river flooding. Modern research hypothesizes instead—based on the presence of mollusc and gastropod shells and foraminifera— that the site was buried by ocean waters resulting from repeated tsunamis. The exact site was re-discovered in 1766 by the English antiquarian Richard Chandler. The first excavation of the sanctuary at Olympia was not carried out until 1829, by the French "Expedition Scientifique de Moree".
Since the 1870s, the excavation and preservation of Ancient Olympia have been the responsibility of the German Archaeological Institute at Athens. The first major excavation of Olympia began in 1875, funded by the German government after negotiation of exclusive access by Ernst Curtius. Other archaeologists responsible for the dig were Gustav Hirschfield, George Treu, Adolf Furtwängler (who worked alongside architects), A. Boetticher, Wilhelm Dörpfeld, and Richard Borrmann. They excavated the central part of the sanctuary including the Temple of Zeus, Temple of Hera, Metroon, Bouleuterion, Philipeion, Echo Stoa, Treasuries, and Palaestra. Important finds included sculptures from the Temple of Zeus, the Nike of Paeonius, the Hermes of Praxiteles and many bronzes. In total 14,000 objects were recorded. The finds were displayed in a museum on the site.
1900–1950
The excavation was continued in a more limited way by Dörpfeld between 1908and 1929, but a new systematic excavation was begun in 1936 on the occasion of the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin under Emil Kunze and Hans Schleif. Their excavation focus was on the area to the south of the stadium, the South Stoa, bath complex, and gymnasion.
1950 to present
Between 1952 and 1966, Kunze and Schleil continued the excavation joined by architect Alfred Mallwitz. They excavated Pheidias' workshop, the Leonidaion and the north wall of the stadium. They also excavated the southeast section of the sanctuary and out of approximately 140 debris pits found many bronzes and ceramic objects along with terracotta roof tiles.
Mallwitz took charge of the excavations between 1972 and 1984 revealing important dating evidence for the stadium, graves, and the location of the Prytaneion. From 1984 to 1996, Helmut Kyrieleis took over the site and the focus shifted to the earlier history of the sanctuary with the excavation of the Prytaneion and Pelopion.
Modern Olympia
The Olympic flame of the modern-day Olympic Games is lit by the reflection of sunlight in a parabolic mirror in front of the Temple of Hera and then transported by a torch to the place where the games are held. When the modern Olympics came to Athens in 2004, the men's and women's shot put competition was held at the restored Olympia stadium.
The town has a train station and is the easternmost terminus of the line of Olympia-Pyrgos (Ilia). The train station with the freight yard to its west is located about 300 m east of the town centre. It is linked by GR-74, and the new road was opened in the 1980s; the next stretch N and NE of Olympia opened in 2005. The distance from Pyrgos is 20 km (12 mi), about 50 km (31 mi) SW of Lampeia, W of Tripoli and Arcadia and 4 km (2 mi) north of Krestena and N of Kyparissia and Messenia. The highway passes north of the ancient ruins. A reservoir is located 2 km (1 mi) southwest, damming up the Alfeios River. The area is hilly and mountainous; most of the area within Olympia is forested.
Panagiotis Kondylis, one of the most prominent modern Greek thinkers and philosophers, was born and raised in Olympia. When Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the International Olympic Committee, died in 1937, a monument to him was erected at ancient Olympia. Emulating Evangelos Zappas, whose head is buried under a statue in front of the Zappeion, his heart was buried at the monument.




Amenities
  • ·Air Conditioning
  • ·Balcony
  • ·Boat Dock
  • ·Charcoal Grill
  • ·Cooking Utensils Provided
  • ·Fire Extinguisher
  • ·Fireplace
  • ·Full Kitchen
  • ·Garage
  • ·Garden
  • ·Gated Complex
  • ·High Chair
  • ·High-Speed Internet
  • ·Lanai
  • ·Linens Provided
  • ·Parking
  • ·Patio
  • ·Pool (access)
  • ·Pool (private)
  • ·Smoke Detector
  • ·Terrace
Appliances
  • ·Alarm Clock
  • ·Blender
  • ·CD Player
  • ·Coffee Maker
  • ·Dishwasher
  • ·DVD Player
  • ·Iron and Board
  • ·Microwave
  • ·Oven
  • ·Phone
  • ·Radio
  • ·Refrigerator
  • ·Satellite TV or Cable TV
  • ·Stereo
  • ·Toaster
  • ·TV(s)
  • ·VCR Player
  • ·Washer/Dryer (access)
  • ·Washer/Dryer (private)
Activites
  • ·Boating
  • ·Cycling
  • ·Fishing
  • ·Hiking
  • ·Horseback Riding
  • ·Hunting
  • ·Mountain Biking
  • ·Shopping/Restaurants
  • ·Surfing
  • ·Swimming
  • ·Walking
  • ·Water Skiing
  • ·Wedding
 

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